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Turmeric is the rhizome or underground stem of a small herbaceous plant Curcuma longa. The whole rhizome is a rough tuberous finger like mass with creamy to dark brown outer scaly skin and dull orange internal flesh. The plant is identical to Ginger and belongs to the same family, Zingiberaceae.

The spice is attributed with numerous medicinal properties besides its importance in the Spice family. The rhizomes are cleaned, boiled, dried, polished and powdered for culinary uses. The powder is primarily used to colour food preparations besides being used to preserve and mask the odour of meat and fish. The active ingredient, Curcumin, finds extensive use in Pharmaceutical and Personal Care industry. Historically, turmeric has been used as an antiseptic and complexion improving natural product since ages in India and South East Asia.

In the global market, the quality of turmeric is adjudged by its Curcumin content and the colour of the final powder made out of its fingers/bulbs. The Curcumin content of turmeric varies from 0.5 % to 12 %, depending on variety and quality of the product. The colour of the final powder varies from Lemon to Deep Orange.

 

Turmeric in India

India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of turmeric in the world. India produces a wide range of turmeric varieties encompassing the entire bandwidth of Curcumin levels and Colour. The major turmeric producing states in India include Andhra Pradesh (Nizamabad), Tamil Nadu (Erode) and Karnataka (Mysore). Some pockets of in North East and Western Maharashtra are known to produce high Curcumin turmeric varieties, specially suited for the Curcumin extraction and Oleoresin industries.

India, on an average produces 420000 MT of Turmeric per year of which around 12% – 13% is exported to various countries across the world.

 

Turmeric @ ITC

ITC Spices, with its dedicated presence across all the major turmeric producing centres of the country, is fully equipped to cater to the varying requirements of the customers with regards to Curcumin content, Colour, Traceability and other relevant factors. Its supply chain team has expanded the sourcing to reach the grass root levels, directly sourcing at the farm-gate, from Village Organizations and NGOs working at the village level in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. ITC Spices team takes pride in expanding its crop development programme to the distant corners in the North Eastern states of India to develop and augment the production of High Curcumin Turmeric varieties. Its crop development programmes always endeavour to ensure traceability right from the farm gate to the consumer.

Varietal Portfolio

 

 

CURCUMIN %

1% – 2%

2% – 3%

3% – 5%

> 5%

C
O
L
O
U
R

Lemon

YES

NO

NO

NO

Lemon Orange

NO

YES

NO

NO

Orange

NO

NO

YES

NO

Deep Orange

NO

NO

NO

YES











Custom made blends to cater to varying requirements of Colour and Curcumin content of different markets are also available on request.